Facts about Ecuador
Facts About Quito
Quito is the capital city of Ecuador.
Founded: December 6, 1534
Elevation: 9,350 ft.
Distance from the Equator: 0.63 miles
Size: 125 sq. mi.
Population: 2.7 million
Population Density: 21,600/sq. mi.
Facts About Ecuador
Size: 106,500 sq mi (about the size of Colorado)
Time Zone: GMT -5 hours
Languages: Spanish and indigenous languages
Cultures: Primary mestizo population group and about 20 different indigenous groups
Chief Exports: petroleum, bananas, shrimp, roses, gold, coffee
Extremely diverse! Includes the Andes mountains, Amazon jungle, a coastal region, cloud forest, and the Galapagos Islands
Ecuador has more biodiversity per square kilometer than any other country worldwide. It contains 15% of the world’s known bird species, 10% of the world’s plant species, 4100 orchid species, and 131 hummingbird species.
Random Facts about Ecuador:
- ‘Panama hats’ originated in Ecuador
- All 3 species of vampire bats are found in Ecuador
- In Quito, water boils at 194 degrees F instead of 212 due to the high altitude (which also affects baking!)
- The peak of Chimborazo, Ecuador’s tallest mountain, is the world’s furthest point from the earth’s core and the closest point to the sun
- The Galapagos Blue-footed Booby really does have blue feet