Facts about Ecuador


Facts About Quito

Facts about Ecuador - An image of Quito

Like Seattle, Quito is surrounded by scenic mountain ranges.

Quito is the capital city of Ecuador.

Founded: December 6, 1534

Elevation: 9,350 ft.

Distance from the Equator: 0.63 miles

Size: 125 sq. mi.

Population: 2.7 million

Population Density: 21,600/sq. mi.


Facts About Ecuador

Facts about Ecuador - A map of Ecuador

Size: 106,500 sq mi (about the size of Colorado)

Time Zone: GMT -5 hours

Languages: Spanish and indigenous languages

Cultures: Primary mestizo population group and about 20 different indigenous groups

Chief Exports: petroleum, bananas, shrimp, roses, gold, coffee

Geography:
Extremely diverse! Includes the Andes mountains, Amazon jungle, a coastal region, cloud forest, and the Galapagos Islands

Biodiversity:
Ecuador has more biodiversity per square kilometer than any other country worldwide.  It contains 15% of the world’s known bird species, 10% of the world’s plant species, 4100 orchid species, and 131 hummingbird species.


Random Facts about Ecuador:

Facts about Ecuador - The Blue-footed Booby

Blue-footed Booby, Galapagos Islands

  • ‘Panama hats’ originated in Ecuador
  • All 3 species of vampire bats are found in Ecuador
  • In Quito, water boils at 194 degrees F instead of 212 due to the high altitude (which also affects baking!)
  • The peak of Chimborazo, Ecuador’s tallest mountain, is the world’s furthest point from the earth’s core and the closest point to the sun
  • The Galapagos Blue-footed Booby really does have blue feet
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